Does a Stock Dividend Dilute the Price Per Share as Would a Forward Stock Split?

Does a Stock Dividend Dilute the Price Per Share as Would a Forward Stock Split?

stock dividend vs stock split

In other words, since the corporation is the same before and after the stock dividend, the total market value of the corporation remains the same. Because there are 10% more shares outstanding, each share should drop in value. In May 2011, Citigroup reverse split its shares one-for-10 in an effort to reduce its share volatility and discourage speculator trading.

  • The company implements a stock split on a three-to-one basis.
  • The common stock dividend distributable is $50,000 (500,000 x 10% x $1) since the common stock has a par value of $1 per share.
  • To avoid these discontinuities, many charts use what is known as an adjusted share price; that is, they divide all closing prices before the split by the split ratio.
  • Second, the higher number of shares outstanding can result in greater liquidity for the stock, which facilitates trading and may narrow the bid-ask spread.
  • After a 2-for-1 stock split, the same stockholder still owns just 1% of the corporation (2,000 ÷ 200,000).
  • With a stock split, the size of the share increase will be determined by the type of split, such as two-for-one, three-for-one, and so on.

Coke passed along all its higher costs as prices rose 10% year over year in Q2. Gross profit margin is up and operating profit margin improved to 32% of sales from 31% a year earlier. Compare that result to PepsiCo (PEP -1.42%) and its 13% operating margin for confirmation that this beverage business is unusually efficient.

How Does a Stock Split Affect Cash Dividends?

A stock split is an action taken by a company to divide its existing shares into multiple shares. The split is cosmetic in nature and does not affect the value of the holdings. In the case of a cash dividend, shareholders receive a payment in cash that is based on the number of shares they own.

  • The increased number increases the number of total stakeholders.
  • Basically, a bonus issue means the issue of a bonus i.e. extra shares as a reward to the existing shareholders by the company, without any extra price.
  • Issuing share dividends lowers the price of the stock, at least in the short term.
  • Right after the split takes effect, the number of shares outstanding would double to 40 million, while the share price would be halved to $50.
  • The total par value needs to correspond to the number of shares outstanding.

A reverse stock split is the opposite of a forward stock split. A company carrying out a reverse stock split decreases the number of its outstanding shares and increases the share price proportionately. As with a forward stock split, the market value of the company after a reverse stock split remains the same. For instance, imagine the board of a public company approves a 5% stock dividend. That gives existing investors one additional share of company stock for every 20 shares they currently own.

Key Differences Between Stock Dividend and Stock Split

Talking about stocks and shares is always a complex topic to understand and discuss. This realm is still undiscovered by a large chunk of the population. When we try to go deep into this area, various new concepts come to mind, and we are not very familiar with those concepts. Stock splits and stock dividends are also two of those topics in which we are often confused. In many ways, it can be better for both the company and the shareholder to pay and receive a stock dividend at the end of a profitable fiscal year. This type of dividend can be as good as cash, with the added benefit that no taxes have to be paid when receiving the same.

stock dividend vs stock split

This includes dividends, realized capital gains and interest. Qualified dividends are payments made from business profits after taxes and are taxed at 15 percent for most shareholders who fall within certain income thresholds. Stock splits are not a taxable event, but they do affect cost basis for a shareholder. To determine when and how much tax is owed for one of these events, look at the following criteria and review basic investing tax rules.

Buying & Selling Stock

A cash dividend is one in which the company distributes a definite amount of money to each shareholder for each share owned. On the other hand, a stock dividend is obtained from distributable equity in the form of stock. This procedure is typically used by companies with low share prices that would like to increase their prices.

Intel appears to have lost the trust of many Wall Street analysts. Further dividend cuts are not out of the realm of possibility should Intel’s financial stock dividend vs stock split problems worsen in the coming months. The dividend cut came as Intel reported the biggest loss in its 55-year history for this year’s first quarter.

Fortune’s Forecast: Top 3 Stocks Set to Dominate the Next Decade

The Purpose of both Stock dividends vs Stock Splits is totally different from each other. Whenever these terms are used, one should not treat them as the same should be careful. On the date of publication, Joel Baglole did not have (either directly or indirectly) any positions in the securities mentioned in this article. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the writer, subject to the Publishing Guidelines.

Stock splits are events that increase the number of shares outstanding and reduce the par or stated value per share. For example, a 2-for-1 stock split would double the number of shares outstanding and halve the par value per share. But here one must note that an increase in outstanding shares, it results in a dilution of the earnings per share, which will cause the share prices to fall.


The reverse split increased its share price from $4.52 to $45.12 post-split. Every 10 shares held by an investor were replaced with one share. Though the split reduced the number of its shares outstanding from 29 billion to 2.9 billion shares, the market capitalization of the company stayed the same (at approximately $131 billion).

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